[rust-dev] Rust 0.9 released

Nathan Myers ncm at cantrip.org
Thu Jan 9 16:47:35 PST 2014

Much blush

Congratulations, this looks like a big step in a right direction,
and in a very short time.

When I build on Debian amd64 with g++-4.8.2, I get internal C++
compiler failures in stage 0.  I run "make" again, and it builds
OK for a while, and then dies on another file.  It does finish
stage 0 after a few cycles of this.  Should I be using the "other"
C++ compiler?

Also, running "make -j4", I get failures like:

/bin/mv: cannot stat 
No such file or directory

I haven't seen these when building with just "make".

(0.8 built without hiccups on g++-4.7 and "make -j3".)

Nathan Myers

On 01/09/2014 01:04 PM, Brian Anderson wrote:
> Just in case somebody wants one with the correct title. So sad.
> On 01/09/2014 01:04 PM, Brian Anderson wrote:
>> Mozilla and the Rust community are pleased to announce version 0.9 of the
>> Rust compiler and tools. Rust is a systems programming language with a
>> focus on safety, performance and concurrency.
>> This was another eventful release in which we made extensive improvements
>> to the runtime and I/O subsystem, introduced static linking and link-time
>> optimization, and reduced the variety of closures in the language. 0.9
>> also
>> begins a final series of planned changes to how pointers are treated in
>> Rust, starting with the deprecation of the built-in "managed pointer"
>> type
>> and its accompanying `@` sigil, and the introduction of smart pointer
>> types
>> to the standard library.
>> The brief release notes are included in this announcement, and there is
>> further explanation in the detailed release [notes] on the wiki.
>> Documentation and all the links in this email are available on the
>> [website]. As usual, version 0.9 should be considered an alpha release,
>> suitable for early adopters and language enthusiasts. Please file [bugs]
>> and join the [fun].
>> [website]: http://www.rust-lang.org
>> [notes]: https://github.com/mozilla/rust/wiki/Doc-detailed-release-notes
>> [bugs]: https://github.com/mozilla/rust/issues
>> [fun]:
>> https://github.com/mozilla/rust/wiki/Note-guide-for-new-contributors
>> This release is available as both a tarball and a Windows installer:
>> * http://static.rust-lang.org/dist/rust-0.9.tar.gz
>> http://static.rust-lang.org/dist/rust-0.9.tar.gz.asc
>> SHA256 (of .tar.gz):
>> c0911c3545b797a1ca16f3d76bf5ed234754b828efd1e22c182c7300ac7dd5d1
>> * http://static.rust-lang.org/dist/rust-0.9-install.exe
>> http://static.rust-lang.org/dist/rust-0.9-install.exe.asc
>> SHA256 (of .exe):
>> 6ab14e25761d61ba724c5f77403d09d566d3187a2e048e006036b960d938fe90
>> Thanks to everyone who contributed!
>> Regards,
>> The Rust Team
>> Version 0.9 (January 2014)
>> --------------------------
>> * Language
>> * The `float` type has been removed. Use `f32` or `f64` instead.
>> * A new facility for enabling experimental features (feature gating)
>> has been added, using the crate-level `#[feature(foo)]` attribute.
>> * Managed boxes (@) are now behind a feature gate
>> (`#[feature(managed_boxes)]`) in preperation for future removal. Use
>> the standard library's `Gc` or `Rc` types instead.
>> * `@mut` has been removed. Use `std::cell::{Cell, RefCell}` instead.
>> * Jumping back to the top of a loop is now done with `continue` instead
>> of `loop`.
>> * Strings can no longer be mutated through index assignment.
>> * Raw strings can be created via the basic `r"foo"` syntax or with
>> matched hash delimiters, as in `r###"foo"###`.
>> * `~fn` is now written `proc (args) -> retval { ... }` and may only be
>> called once.
>> * The `&fn` type is now written `|args| -> ret` to match the literal
>> form.
>> * `@fn`s have been removed.
>> * `do` only works with procs in order to make it obvious what the cost
>> of `do` is.
>> * Single-element tuple-like structs can no longer be dereferenced to
>> obtain the inner value. A more comprehensive solution for overloading
>> the dereference operator will be provided in the future.
>> * The `#[link(...)]` attribute has been replaced with
>> `#[crate_id = "name#vers"]`.
>> * Empty `impl`s must be terminated with empty braces and may not be
>> terminated with a semicolon.
>> * Keywords are no longer allowed as lifetime names; the `self` lifetime
>> no longer has any special meaning.
>> * The old `fmt!` string formatting macro has been removed.
>> * `printf!` and `printfln!` (old-style formatting) removed in favor of
>> `print!` and `println!`.
>> * `mut` works in patterns now, as in `let (mut x, y) = (1, 2);`.
>> * The `extern mod foo (name = "bar")` syntax has been removed. Use
>> `extern mod foo = "bar"` instead.
>> * New reserved keywords: `alignof`, `offsetof`, `sizeof`.
>> * Macros can have attributes.
>> * Macros can expand to items with attributes.
>> * Macros can expand to multiple items.
>> * The `asm!` macro is feature-gated (`#[feature(asm)]`).
>> * Comments may be nested.
>> * Values automatically coerce to trait objects they implement, without
>> an explicit `as`.
>> * Enum discriminants are no longer an entire word but as small as needed
>> to contain all the variants. The `repr` attribute can be used to
>> override the discriminant size, as in `#[repr(int)]` for integer-sized,
>> and `#[repr(C)]` to match C enums.
>> * Non-string literals are not allowed in attributes (they never worked).
>> * The FFI now supports variadic functions.
>> * Octal numeric literals, as in `0o7777`.
>> * The `concat!` syntax extension performs compile-time string
>> concatenation.
>> * The `#[fixed_stack_segment]` and `#[rust_stack]` attributes have been
>> removed as Rust no longer uses segmented stacks.
>> * Non-ascii identifiers are feature-gated
>> (`#[feature(non_ascii_idents)]`).
>> * Ignoring all fields of an enum variant or tuple-struct is done with
>> `..`, not `*`; ignoring remaining fields of a struct is also done
>> with `..`, not `_`; ignoring a slice of a vector is done with `..`,
>> not `.._`.
>> * `rustc` supports the "win64" calling convention via `extern "win64"`.
>> * `rustc` supports the "system" calling convention, which defaults to
>> the preferred convention for the target platform, "stdcall" on 32-bit
>> Windows, "C" elsewhere.
>> * The `type_overflow` lint (default: warn) checks literals for overflow.
>> * The `unsafe_block` lint (default: allow) checks for usage of `unsafe`.
>> * The `attribute_usage` lint (default: warn) warns about unknown
>> attributes.
>> * The `unknown_features` lint (default: warn) warns about unknown
>> feature gates.
>> * The `dead_code` lint (default: warn) checks for dead code.
>> * Rust libraries can be linked statically to one another
>> * `#[link_args]` is behind the `link_args` feature gate.
>> * Native libraries are now linked with `#[link(name = "foo")]`
>> * Native libraries can be statically linked to a rust crate
>> (`#[link(name = "foo", kind = "static")]`).
>> * Native OS X frameworks are now officially supported
>> (`#[link(name = "foo", kind = "framework")]`).
>> * The `#[thread_local]` attribute creates thread-local (not task-local)
>> variables. Currently behind the `thread_local` feature gate.
>> * The `return` keyword may be used in closures.
>> * Types that can be copied via a memcpy implement the `Pod` kind.
>> * The `cfg` attribute can now be used on struct fields and enum variants.
>> * Libraries
>> * std: The `option` and `result` API's have been overhauled to make them
>> simpler, more consistent, and more composable.
>> * std: The entire `std::io` module has been replaced with one that is
>> more comprehensive and that properly interfaces with the underlying
>> scheduler. File, TCP, UDP, Unix sockets, pipes, and timers are all
>> implemented.
>> * std: `io::util` contains a number of useful implementations of
>> `Reader` and `Writer`, including `NullReader`, `NullWriter`,
>> `ZeroReader`, `TeeReader`.
>> * std: The reference counted pointer type `extra::rc` moved into std.
>> * std: The `Gc` type in the `gc` module will replace `@` (it is currently
>> just a wrapper around it).
>> * std: The `Either` type has been removed.
>> * std: `fmt::Default` can be implemented for any type to provide default
>> formatting to the `format!` macro, as in `format!("{}", myfoo)`.
>> * std: The `rand` API continues to be tweaked.
>> * std: The `rust_begin_unwind` function, useful for inserting
>> breakpoints on failure in gdb, is now named `rust_fail`.
>> * std: The `each_key` and `each_value` methods on `HashMap` have been
>> replaced by the `keys` and `values` iterators.
>> * std: Functions dealing with type size and alignment have moved from
>> the `sys` module to the `mem` module.
>> * std: The `path` module was written and API changed.
>> * std: `str::from_utf8` has been changed to cast instead of allocate.
>> * std: `starts_with` and `ends_with` methods added to vectors via the
>> `ImmutableEqVector` trait, which is in the prelude.
>> * std: Vectors can be indexed with the `get_opt` method, which returns
>> `None` if the index is out of bounds.
>> * std: Task failure no longer propagates between tasks, as the model
>> was complex, expensive, and incompatible with thread-based tasks.
>> * std: The `Any` type can be used for dynamic typing.
>> * std: `~Any` can be passed to the `fail!` macro and retrieved via
>> `task::try`.
>> * std: Methods that produce iterators generally do not have an `_iter`
>> suffix now.
>> * std: `cell::Cell` and `cell::RefCell` can be used to introduc
>> mutability roots (mutable fields, etc.). Use instead of e.g. `@mut`.
>> * std: `util::ignore` renamed to `prelude::drop`.
>> * std: Slices have `sort` and `sort_by` methods via the `MutableVector`
>> trait.
>> * std: `vec::raw` has seen a lot of cleanup and API changes.
>> * std: The standard library no longer includes any C++ code, and very
>> minimal C, eliminating the dependency on libstdc++.
>> * std: Runtime scheduling and I/O functionality has been factored out
>> into extensible interfaces and is now implemented by two different
>> crates: libnative, for native threading and I/O; and libgreen, for
>> green threading and I/O. This paves the way for using the standard
>> library in more limited embeded environments.
>> * std: The `comm` module has been rewritten to be much faster, have a
>> simpler, more consistent API, and to work for both native and green
>> threading.
>> * std: All libuv dependencies have been moved into the rustuv crate.
>> * native: New implementations of runtime scheduling on top of OS
>> threads.
>> * native: New native implementations of TCP, UDP, file I/O, process
>> spawning, and other I/O.
>> * green: The green thread scheduler and message passing types are
>> almost entirely lock-free.
>> * extra: The `flatpipes` module had bitrotted and was removed.
>> * extra: All crypto functions have been removed and Rust now has a
>> policy of not reimplementing crypto in the standard library. In the
>> future crypto will be provided by external crates with bindings to
>> established libraries.
>> * extra: `c_vec` has been modernized.
>> * extra: The `sort` module has been removed. Use the `sort` method on
>> mutable slices.
>> * Tooling
>> * The `rust` and `rusti` commands have been removed, due to lack of
>> maintenance.
>> * `rustdoc` was completely rewritten.
>> * `rustdoc` can test code examples in documentation.
>> * `rustpkg` can test packages with the argument, 'test'.
>> * `rustpkg` supports arbitrary dependencies, including C libraries.
>> * `rustc`'s support for generating debug info is improved again.
>> * `rustc` has better error reporting for unbalanced delimiters.
>> * `rustc`'s JIT support was removed due to bitrot.
>> * Executables and static libraries can be built with LTO (-Z lto)
>> * `rustc` adds a `--dep-info` flag for communicating dependencies to
>> build tools.
>> Contributors to Rust 0.9
>> ------------------------
>> Adrien Tétar <adri-from-59 at hotmail.fr>
>> Alan Andrade <alan.andradec at gmail.com>
>> Alexandros Tasos <sdi1100085 at di.uoa.gr>
>> Alex Crichton <alex at alexcrichton.com>
>> a_m0d <damien.schoof at gmail.com>
>> Andreas Neuhaus <zargony at zargony.com>
>> Andreas Ots <andreasots at gmail.com>
>> Andrei Formiga <archimedes_siracusa at hotmail.com>
>> Benjamin Herr <ben at 0x539.de>
>> Benjamin Peterson <benjamin at python.org>
>> Birunthan Mohanathas <birunthan at mohanathas.com>
>> blake2-ppc <blake2-ppc>
>> Branimir <branimir at volomp.com>
>> Brendan Zabarauskas <bjzaba at yahoo.com.au>
>> Brian Anderson <banderson at mozilla.com>
>> Brian <brian.t.dawn at gmail.com>
>> Cadence Marseille <cadencemarseille at gmail.com>
>> Carl-Anton Ingmarsson <mail at carlanton.se>
>> Carol Willing <carolcode at willingconsulting.com>
>> Carter Tazio Schonwald <carter.schonwald at gmail.com>
>> chitra <chitra at chitra-HP-Pavilion-g6-Notebook-PC.(none)>
>> Chris Morgan <me at chrismorgan.info>
>> Chris Sainty <csainty at hotmail.com>
>> Corey Richardson <corey at octayn.net>
>> Dan Connolly <dckc at madmode.com>
>> Daniel Micay <danielmicay at gmail.com>
>> Dan Luu <danluu at gmail.com>
>> Dave Hodder <dmh at dmh.org.uk>
>> David Creswick <dcrewi at gyrae.net>
>> David Renshaw <dwrenshaw at gmail.com>
>> Diego Ongaro <ongaro at cs.stanford.edu>
>> Dirkjan Bussink <d.bussink at gmail.com>
>> Dmitry Ermolov <epdmitry at yandex.ru>
>> Do Nhat Minh <mrordinaire at gmail.com>
>> Eduard Burtescu <edy.burt at gmail.com>
>> Edward Z. Yang <ezyang at cs.stanford.edu>
>> eliovir <eliovir at gmail.com>
>> Eric Biggers <ebiggers3 at gmail.com>
>> Eric Holk <eric.holk at gmail.com>
>> Erick Tryzelaar <erick.tryzelaar at gmail.com>
>> Erik Lyon <elyon001 at local.fake>
>> Erik Price <erik.price16 at gmail.com>
>> Fabrice Desré <fabrice at desre.org>
>> Felix S. Klock II <pnkfelix at pnkfx.org>
>> Flavio Percoco <flaper87 at gmail.com>
>> flo-l <lacknerflo at gmail.com>
>> Florian Gilcher <florian.gilcher at asquera.de>
>> Florian Hahn <flo at fhahn.com>
>> Florian Zeitz <florob at babelmonkeys.de>
>> g3xzh <g3xzh at yahoo.com>
>> Gareth Smith <garethdanielsmith at gmail.com>
>> Geoff Hill <geoff at geoffhill.org>
>> Geoffroy Couprie <geo.couprie at gmail.com>
>> Georges Dubus <georges.dubus at compiletoi.net>
>> gifnksm <makoto.nksm+github at gmail.com>
>> Guillaume Pinot <texitoi at texitoi.eu>
>> Gyorgy Andrasek <jurily at gmail.com>
>> Harry Marr <harry.marr at gmail.com>
>> Heather <heather at cynede.net>
>> Huon Wilson <dbau.pp+github at gmail.com>
>> Ian Daniher <it.daniher at gmail.com>
>> Igor Bukanov <igor at mir2.org>
>> Isaac Dupree <antispam at idupree.com>
>> Jack Moffitt <jack at metajack.im>
>> Jaemin Moon <jaemin.moon at samsung.com>
>> Jan Niklas Hasse <jhasse at gmail.com>
>> Jannis Harder <jix at jixco.de>
>> Jason Orendorff <jason.orendorff at gmail.com>
>> Jason Toffaletti <jason at topsy.com>
>> Jay Anderson <jayanderson0 at gmail.com>
>> Jed Davis <jld at panix.com>
>> Jeff Olson <olson.jeffery at gmail.com>
>> Joe Schafer <joe at jschaf.com>
>> John Louis Walker <injyuw at gmail.com>
>> Jordi Boggiano <j.boggiano at seld.be>
>> Joshua Yanovski <pythonesque at gmail.com>
>> Julia Evans <julia at jvns.ca>
>> Jyun-Yan You <jyyou at cs.nctu.edu.tw>
>> Keegan McAllister <kmcallister at mozilla.com>
>> Kevin Ballard <kevin at sb.org>
>> Kiet Tran <ktt3ja at gmail.com>
>> klutzy <klutzytheklutzy at gmail.com>
>> kud1ing <github at kudling.de>
>> Leah Hanson <astrieanna at gmail.com>
>> LEE Wondong <wdlee91 at gmail.com>
>> Léo Testard <leo.testard at gmail.com>
>> Lindsey Kuper <lindsey at composition.al>
>> Luca Bruno <lucab at debian.org>
>> Luis de Bethencourt <luis at debethencourt.com>
>> Luqman Aden <laden at csclub.uwaterloo.ca>
>> lyuts <dioxinu at gmail.com>
>> Mark Rowe <mrowe at bdash.net.nz>
>> Marvin Löbel <loebel.marvin at gmail.com>
>> Matt Carberry <carberry.matt at gmail.com>
>> Matthew Auld <matthew.auld at intel.com>
>> Matthew Iselin <matthew at theiselins.net>
>> Micah Chalmer <micah at micahchalmer.net>
>> Michael 'devbug' Williams <m.t.williams at live.com>
>> Michael Letterle <michael.letterle at gmail.com>
>> Michael Woerister <michaelwoerister at gmail>
>> niftynif <nif.ward at gmail.com>
>> Niko Matsakis <niko at alum.mit.edu>
>> Noufal Ibrahim <noufal at nibrahim.net.in>
>> Olivier Saut <osaut at airpost.net>
>> osa1 <omeragacan at gmail.com>
>> Palmer Cox <p at lmercox.com>
>> Patrick Walton <pcwalton at mimiga.net>
>> Peter Zotov <whitequark at whitequark.org>
>> Philipp Brüschweiler <blei42 at gmail.com>
>> Raphael Speyer <rspeyer at gmail.com>
>> reedlepee <reedlepee123 at gmail.com>
>> Richard Diamond <wichard at vitalitystudios.com>
>> Robert Irelan <rirelan at gmail.com>
>> Scott Lawrence <bytbox at gmail.com>
>> Sébastien Chauvel <eichi237 at mailoo.org>
>> Sébastien Crozet <developer at crozet.re>
>> Sébastien Paolacci <sebastien.paolacci at gmail.com>
>> Seo Sanghyeon <sanxiyn at gmail.com>
>> sh8281.kim <sh8281.kim at samsung.com>
>> SiegeLord <slabode at aim.com>
>> sp3d <sp3d at github>
>> S Pradeep Kumar <gohanpra at gmail.com>
>> Steve Klabnik <steve at steveklabnik.com>
>> Steven Fackler <sfackler at gmail.com>
>> Strahinja Val Markovic <val at markovic.io>
>> Tim Chevalier <chevalier at alum.wellesley.edu>
>> Tomas Sedovic <tomas at sedovic.cz>
>> Vadim Chugunov <vadimcn at gmail.com>
>> Vijay Korapaty <rust at korapaty.com>
>> Volker Mische <volker.mische at gmail.com>
>> Young-il Choi <duddlf.choi at samsung.com>
>> Zach Kamsler <smoo.master at gmail.com>
>> Zack Corr <zack at z0w0.me>
>> Ziad Hatahet <hatahet at gmail.com>

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