Fission MemShrink Newsletter #1: What (it is) and Why (it matters to you)

Kris Maglione kmaglione at mozilla.com
Tue Jul 10 18:19:03 UTC 2018


Welcome to the first edition of the Fission MemShrink newsletter.[1]

In this edition, I'll sum up what the project is, and why it matters to you. 
In subsequent editions, I'll give updates on progress that we've made, and 
areas that we'll need to focus on next.[2]


The Fission MemShrink project is one of the most easily overlooked aspects of 
Project Fission (also known as Site Isolation), but is absolutely critical to 
its success. And will require a company- and community-wide effort effort to 
meet its goals.

The problem is thus: In order for site isolation to work, we need to be able 
to run *at least* 100 content processes in an average Firefox session. Each of 
those processes has its own base memory overhead—memory we use just for 
creating the process, regardless of what's running in it. In the post-Fission 
world, that overhead needs to be less than 10MB per process in order to keep the 
extra overhead from Fission below 1GB. Right now, on our best-cast platform, 
Windows 10, is somewhere between 17 and 21MB. Linux and OS-X hover between 25 
and 35MB. In other words, between 2 and 3.5GB for an ordinary session.

That means that, in the best case, we need to reduce the memory we use in 
content processes by *at least* 7MB. The problem, of course, is that there are 
only so many places we can cut memory without losing functionality, and even 
fewer places where we can make big wins. But, there are lots of places we can 
make small and medium-sized wins.

So, to put the task into perspective, of all of the places we can cut a 
certain amount of overhead, here are the number of each that we need to fix in 
order to reach 1MB:

 250KB:   4
 100KB:  10
 75KB:   13
 50KB:   20
 20KB:   50
 10KB:  100
 5KB:   200

Now remember: we need to do *all* of these in order to reach our goal. It's 
not a matter of one 250KB improvement or 50 5KB improvements. It's 4 250KB *and* 
200 5KB improvements. There just aren't enough places we can cut 250KB. If we 
fall short in any of those areas, Project Fission will fail, and Firefox will be 
the only major browser without site isolation.

But it won't fail, because all of you are awesome, and this is a totally 
achievable goal if we all throw our effort behind it.

Essentially what this means, though, is that if we identify an area of 
overhead that's 50KB[3] or larger that can be eliminated, it *has* to be 
eliminated. There just aren't that many large chunks to remove. They all need 
to go. And if an area of code has a dozen 5KB chunks that can be eliminated, 
maybe they don't all have to go, but at least half of them do. The more the 
better.


To help us triage these issues, we have a tracking bug (https://bugzil.la/memshrink-content), 
and a per-bug whiteboard tag ([overhead:...]) which gives an estimate of how 
much per-process overhead we believe fixing that bug would eliminate. Please 
feel free to add blockers to the tracking bug if you think they're relevant, and 
to add or update [overhead] tags if you have reasonable estimates.


With all of that said, here's a brief update of the progress we've made so far:

In the past month, unique memory per process[4] has dropped 3-4MB[5], and JS 
memory usage in particular has dropped 1.1-1.9MB.

Particular credit goes to:

 * Eric Rahm added an AWSY test suite to track base content process memory
   (https://bugzil.la/1442361). Results:

    Resident unique: https://treeherder.mozilla.org/perf.html#/graphs?series=mozilla-central,1684862,1,4&series=mozilla-central,1684846,1,4&series=mozilla-central,1685133,1,4&series=mozilla-central,1685127,1,4
    Explicit allocations: https://treeherder.mozilla.org/perf.html#/graphs?series=mozilla-inbound,1706218,1,4&series=mozilla-inbound,1706220,1,4&series=mozilla-inbound,1706216,1,4
    JS: https://treeherder.mozilla.org/perf.html#/graphs?series=mozilla-central,1684866,1,4&series=mozilla-central,1685137,1,4&series=mozilla-central,1685131,1,4

 * Andrew McCreight created a tool for tracking JS memory usage, and figuring
   out which scripts and objects are responsible for how much of it
   (https://bugzil.la/1463569).

 * Andrew and Nika Layzell also completely rewrote the way we handle XPIDL type
   info so that it's statically compiled into the executable and shared between
   all processes (https://bugzil.la/1438688, https://bugzil.la/1444745).

 * Felipe Gomes split a bunch of code out of frame scripts so that it could be
   lazily loaded only when needed (https://bugzil.la/1467278, ...) and added a
   whitelist of JSMs that are allowed to be loaded at content process startup
   (https://bugzil.la/1471066)

 * I did a bit of this too, and also prevented us from loading some other JSMs
   before we need them (https://bugzil.la/1470333, https://bugzil.la/1469719,
   ...)

 * Nick Nethercote made dynamic nsAtoms allocate their string storage inline
   rather than use a refcounted StringBuffer (https://bugzil.la/1447951)

 * Emilio Álvarez reduced the amount of memory the Gecko Profiler uses in
   content processes.

 * Nathan Froyd fixed our static nsAtom code so it didn't generate static
   initializers (https://bugzil.la/1455178) and reduced the stack size of our
   image decoder threads (https://bugzil.la/1443932).

 * Doug Thayer reduced the number of hang monitor threads we start in each
   process (https://bugzil.la/1448040)

 * Boris Zbarsky removed a bunch of useless QueryInterface implementations
   (https://bugzil.la/1452862), made our static isInstance methods use less
   memory (https://bugzil.la/1452786), and generally deleted a bunch of
   useless, legacy nsI* interfaces that required us to add extra vtable
   pointers to a lot of DOM object instances.

And your humble author contributed the following:

 * Changed our localization string bundles to use shared memory for bundles
   which are loaded into content processes (https://bugzil.la/1470365).
   This bug also adds some helpers which should make it easer to use shared
   memory for more things in the future.

 * Made some changes to the script preloader to avoid keeping an unnecessary
   encoded copy of scripts in the content process (https://bugzil.la/1470793),
   to drop cached single-use scripts (https://bugzil.la/1471091), and to improve
   the set of scripts we load in content processes (https://bugzil.la/1471089).

 * Made some smaller optimizations to avoid making copies of strings in
   preference callbacks (https://bugzil.la/1472523), and to remove the XPC
   compilation scope (https://bugzil.la/1442737)

Apologies to anyone I missed.


[1]: Please feel free to read the '.' as a '!' if you're so inclined. I
     generally shy away from exclamation marks.
[2]: If this seems like a massive rip-off of Ehsan's Quantum Flow newsletter
     format, that's because it is. Thanks, Ehsan :)
[3]: 50KB per process, which is to say 5MB across 100 content processes.
[4]: The total memory mapped by each content process which is not shared by
     other processes. Approximately equal to USS.
[5]: It's hard to be precise, since the numbers can be noisy, and are often
     bi-modal.


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