Determining if an object can be constructed

Scott Sauyet scott at
Fri Jan 20 23:29:02 UTC 2017

Bradley Meck wrote:
> I am unsure the exact question.

I certainly agree that it's not a well-formulated question.  Perhaps
in the end it's not even coherent.  But it seems to make some sense.
I suspect that the answer is simply that it cannot be done.  But I
don't know how to demonstrate that.

> `new` will allocate an object with a prototype for sure, but it is never
> guaranteed to return that object even with classes.
> ```js
> let a = {};
> class Foo {
>   constructor() {
>     return a;
>   }
> }
> const g = new Foo();
> console.log(new Foo() === g);
> ```

Which demonstrates that `Foo` by such a criterion is not a reasonable
constructor function.  I think that makes sense.  It clearly isn't

> If the question is "How can an external observer know if a constructor
> returns `this` vs some other object?" the answer is, you cannot.

No, I don't think that's the central point.  But perhaps the examples
above do capture something fundamental.  Even if we cannot prove it
about an arbitrary function, that seems like a minimal criteria for a
function to be a reasonable constructor:

> A function, `Foo` can be used as a constructor function if
>   1. every call to `new Foo(...args)` creates a distinct object not reference-equal to any other such call.
>   2. ??

Does that make sense?  Are there other important criteria?

Of course this doesn't help us answer whether a particular function
actually meets these criteria, but it's a start.

  -- Scott

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