new instantiation design alternatives

Kevin Smith zenparsing at gmail.com
Fri Sep 19 08:27:01 PDT 2014


Thanks Dmitry - great response!


> I am curious why you claim that "constructors of bulit-ins and exotics are
> not composable". I believe the current proposal goes a long way towards
> composition (via subclassing) of all kinds of constructors (be it bulitins,
> exotics, proxies or normal objects).
>

For example, it is not possible with Model B to take two unrelated classes,
use one as a base, and mixin the other one (including the initialization
logic).  This is possible with Model A (and ES5 inheritance today).

I know that it's possible to do that using the "this=new super" design, by
proactively branching on "new^" in any class with an extends clause.  But I
believe that this technique is quite painful to write and to that extent
the design discourages it.

Also, (and I understand that this is an unsupported claim) I believe users
have very little interest in changing the inheritance model.  It's been
successful for Javascript, as far as I can tell.


> What do you mean by "less functional" here? If in a sense of "functional
> language", then I'd argue that starting with a circle and cutting it into
> octagon corner by corner is less functional than starting with octagon,
> using your colorful metaphors :) (i.e. you imperatively modify the shape of
> the primordial object until it becomes Uint8Array - why is this useful?)
>

What if I wanted a Uint8Array that incorporated behavior from some other
class (which required initialization logic)?

Think of it like adding to the circle rather than cutting from it.  To
create a Map (for instance) we take a circle and attach the components
necessary for it to function as a Map.  The fact that it can function as a
Map should not prohibit the user from attaching the raw components
necessary for it to function as any other arbitrary class.  To implement
that in JS, we might use private fields (which we'll hopefully address
post-ES6).

This is all very beautiful and abstract in my mind : )  I'm interested to
know the extent to which it's practical.
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