const VS static final class variable ?

Brendan Eich brendan at
Fri Aug 17 15:46:00 PDT 2007

On Aug 17, 2007, at 3:37 PM, Brendan Eich wrote:

> On Aug 17, 2007, at 1:10 PM, Garrett Smith wrote:
>> what is the difference between x1 and x2?
>> class A {
>>    const x1;
>>    static final x2;
> You need a var before x2. Also you can't add final except before
> classes and methods (the reference implementation currently parses
> 'class A { static final var x; }' but that's a bug).
> Are you thinking of Java, or some other language here? If this is
> based on an ES4 example or spec, can you cite the URL?
> The obvious difference, ignoring the intended illegality of static
> final var x2, is that x2 is static, so per class, not per instance.

I should add that const is write-once, so you can have a const x1  
instance field. A constructor could write three different values to  
three different instances' x1 fields. In this case const does not  
mean per-class, as static const does, or a hypothetical static final  
var might.


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